The Existing Grid
The existing grid is inefficient. It delivers power to you alright. But often, there are losses upwards 10% during transmission and distribution. The power that comes to your home from the power plant often goes through a maze of networks where it is stepped-up, processed, stepped-down and so on. These networks incur a huge cost to maintain themselves and are fraught with inefficiencies. Also, with most of power in India coming from Non-Renewable sources of power (such as Coal, Natural Gas and Fossil Fuels), there is a huge carbon footprint attached to it.
Rooftop solar promises to be a better solution to minimise these transmission and distribution losses.
Rooftop Solar Solution
With rooftop solar, you get none of these hassles. All you do is set up your required solar power PV system on your rooftop and connect it to your main supply. The solar power that is produced from your rooftop is served to your appliances directly from your roof, straight and simple. That’s Direct-to-Home Solar for you.
How Net Metering Works
Powercuts have reduced in most of the metros in India. The problem of high tariffs remains though.
Electricity in India is priced not on the basis of cost but rather on the consumers’ ability to pay. So farmers, rightly so, get the cheapest power while commercial customers such as shopping malls and advertising hoardings pay the highest rates. Similarly, for residential customers, the more energy they consume, the higher per unit they pay on a slab basis. Do you know that customers in most cities pay up-wards of Rs. 9.5 per unit at the highest slab?
While solar tries to address this problem, it does not solve the issue where the power is wasted when people are not at home when it is produced, i.e., during the daytime. Enter Net Metering. Net metering is a government-approved program where anyone can produce solar energy from their rooftop and sell their surplus energy to the power company. So the grid becomes a giant bank where you deposit and withdraw energy as you want and you, as a consumer become a power producer. This is literally ‘Power in the hands of the People’.